By Daniel Picard. Last Updated 18th November 2022. Unfortunately, construction is one of the most hazardous fields in which to work. Indeed, during the year 2020/21, there were more fatal injuries in construction than in any other industry. Employers are responsible for protecting their employees’ health and safety when they are at work. Therefore, construction companies should take every reasonable precaution to protect you from a construction accident.
Unfortunately, despite regulations to protect workers, building site injuries do happen. If you have suffered a construction site injury that was not your fault, you may be eligible to make a compensation claim.
You could make a building site accident claim for new injuries or long-term health conditions. Legal Helpline can help you claim compensation for your injuries. Firstly, we have a free claims helpline that you can call to speak to an advisor about making a claim. Moreover, we can provide you with a skilled lawyer from our panel to handle your compensation claim.
To see if you can claim compensation for a building site injury, please get in touch with us using the details below:
Jump To A Section
- A Guide On Making A Construction Accident Claim
- What Is A Building Or Construction Accident?
- How Many Injuries Occur In The Construction Industry?
- Common Types Of Construction Accidents
- Common Causes Of Construction Accidents
- Building Site Health And Safety
- Contractor And Self-Employed Construction Worker Accidents
- Calculating Compensation For Construction Accidents
- What Special Damages Can I Claim?
- Accidents In Construction – Claim Time Limits
- Make A Construction Accident Claim With A No Win No Fee Solicitor
- Talk To Legal Helpline About Your Case
- Read More About Building And Construction Accidents
- FAQs On Construction Site Injuries
The construction industry is a vast field of work. Indeed, builders, carpenters, civil engineers and road workers can all be seen as construction workers. When we think of a construction accident, we may think of accidents on a building site. But a construction site injury can happen in any of the professions mentioned above.
If construction companies do not uphold proper standards of health and safety, this can cause accidents. For example, construction workers may be struck by a heavy falling object. Or a construction worker may be injured in a vehicle accident. We will look at how accidents on construction sites can happen in more detail later in this guide.
We will explain how to make a building site injury claim in this guide. To learn how to claim compensation for your injuries, please read on.
A construction accident could be an accident on a building site or in another construction industry field, such as civil engineering.
Because construction is a hazardous industry, employers must take special precautions to prevent accidents at work.
Employers owe their workers a duty of care. A duty of care means that the employer is responsible for protecting their worker’s health and safety while they are at work. It is common for workers in the construction industry to be contractors, self-employed or casual workers. However, the duty of care applies to anyone on a construction site, not just employees.
When Could You Claim For Compensation?
- Firstly, a construction company should’ve owed you a duty of care.
- Furthermore, the construction company breached that duty, causing an accident on site.
- And finally, the accident was a direct cause of your injuries.
A solicitor could help you when establishing the above.
As we have mentioned, the construction industry is one of the most dangerous fields in which to work. During the year 2020/21, 39 construction workers died because of fatal workplace accidents. Construction statistics for the year 2019/20 show there were 40 fatal workplace accidents in the industry as reported by employers.
Each Year, How Many Construction Workers Are Injured?
Construction statistics for Great Britain in 2020 show that the estimated annual average of self-reported, non-fatal injuries to construction workers each year is 61,000. According to HSE, the rate of self-reported non-fatal injuries marks a downward trend.
In addition, 81,000 people have long term health conditions caused by working in the construction industry. 57% of these people have musculoskeletal injuries. 26% suffer from work-related stress or anxiety, and 17% have other long-term health problems related to construction.
Slips, trips and falls are the most common accident in construction.
What are the 4 four main causes of accidents in the construction industry? According to the HSE, the following are the four most common types of construction accidents causing non-fatal injuries.
Slip, Trip And Fall Accidents
Slips, trips, and falls on the same level cause 26% of construction accidents. A trip and fall accident can happen because of debris left on the floor or loose wires. Similarly, a slip and fall accident can happen in adverse weather if the construction workers do not have the necessary footwear. Falls can cause lower back injuries. Or the worker may suffer a fracture to their ankle or knee.
Handling, Lifting or Carrying Accidents
Construction workers are often injured while carrying out manual handling activities. These accidents account for 19% of non-fatal construction site injuries. Manual handling accidents can result in musculoskeletal injuries, such as a slipped disc.
Falls From A Height
Construction workers often work on raised platforms or use ladders to reach high places. A worker can fall off a ladder if it is not properly set up or is faulty. Similarly, a raised platform can collapse between workers’ weight, causing them to fall from one level to another.
Accidents involving falls from a height account for 19% of construction accidents causing non-fatal injuries. A fall from a height can cause back injuries, neck injuries and fracture injuries.
Moving, Flying Or Falling Objects
A worker being struck by moving or falling objects can cause traumatic head injuries. In serious cases, a construction worker may suffer from brain damage. If a construction worker has not been provided with a hard ha where it’s necessary, this can worsen their head injuries.
Other common accidents in construction include:
- Vehicle accidents, such as a forklift truck tipping over and crushing a worker. Or a vehicle accident can take place if a construction site vehicle runs a worker over.
- Vibrating tools that are used for long periods can cause hand-arm vibration syndrome. Hand-arm vibration syndrome can cause numbness and pins and needles in the hands. Hand-arm vibration syndrome is also known as vibration white finger (WVF).
- If workers are exposed to excessive noise over time, they may experience noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), also known as industrial deafness.
Construction companies have a responsibility for making sure that construction sites are safe for everyone on them. Unfortunately, the following mishaps can cause a construction accident.
Employers should provide their workers with adequate breaks in all fields. Therefore, construction workers must have adequate breaks, especially driving vehicles or operating potentially dangerous machinery. If a worker is fatigued at work, they may make an error that leads to a machinery or vehicle accident.
Workers should be provided with personal protective equipment (PPE) by their employer if it’s necessary. For example, a worker may require specialist work boots and a hard hat. Or they may need eye protection, such as safety goggles, to protect their vision. If a worker works at a height, then they may need a safety harness. A lack of PPE can mean that a worker is more likely to be injured.
Exposure To Hazardous Substances
A builder may be exposed to hazardous substances on a construction site. For example, lead is a poisonous substance that is still used in roofing. If lead enters the body, over time it can damage the nervous system.
Therefore when hazardous substances are used, employers must take steps to protect construction workers.
Under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, employers have a duty of care towards their workers. The employer is responsible for ensuring that the working environment is safe and hygienic for their workers. Consequently, the employer should take measures, such as carrying out regular risk assessments, to ensure that the construction site is safe.
If a safety hazard is identified, the employer should apply the correct measures to reduce or remove the risk it poses.
If the construction company neglects their duty of care and a construction accident takes place, it could be held liable for any building site injuries caused.
General Health And Safety In The Construction Industry
There is also industry-specific legislation about health and safety standards in the construction industry. This includes The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 to safeguard workers from noise-induced hearing loss.
The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 also deals with how risks should be dealt with when planning construction projects. Construction companies should follow relevant regulations to ensure that they foster a safe working environment.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) can mitigate risks in the working environment, such as being struck by a falling object. However, PPE should only be used as a last resort if the hazard can’t be reduced or removed.
Employers are responsible for ensuring workers are provided with the correct PPE—for example, a hard hat or protective work boots.
Moreover, employers are also responsible for ensuring that workers are properly trained to carry out their jobs safely. You may be eligible to make a building site injury claim if you have been injured because of inadequate PPE provided by your employer or training at work.
Self-employed workers can still make a building site accident claim for compensation. Construction companies owe all of those on their site a duty of care, including self-employed workers contractors.
Although, in these circumstances, your employer wouldn’t necessarily be the construction company, if you’re working on their site and their negligence causes you injury, you could still claim.
Compensation for building site injury claims can vary. For example, it can fluctuate depending on the severity of your construction site injuries.
To prove the severity of your injuries (and that the accident caused or worsened them), you’d attend a medical assessment. An independent medical professional would assess your injuries and create a report that a solicitor could use as evidence in a claim. They could also use it to help value your injuries.
You can use the table below to estimate how much compensation you could claim. The compensation amounts in this table are based on Judicial College Guidelines. These guidelines are used by legal professionals alongside the medical report when valuing injuries.
Please note, the amount of compensation you receive may vary depending on your circumstances. Additionally, the table only estimates how much you could receive for injuries and not financial losses.
|Type Of Injury
|£50,060 to £69,700
|May include tansmalleolar ankle fractures which also include a lot of soft tissue damage and injury. Such injuries could result in some deformity and may result in risk of future injuries to the legs.
|£31,310 to £50,060
|Settlements are based on factors such as the presence of or the risk of developing osteoarthritis, suffering problems with sleeping, suffering scars and the need to wear specially adapted footwear.
|£13,740 to £26,590
|The person could suffer a torn ligament, a fracture or other injury which does cause some form of less serious disability. The person could have problems walking on an uneven surface and in using stairs and similar facilities.
|£52,120 to £69,730
|A fracture of the leg which does extend into the persons knee joint. This will cause constant pain and may also limit by how much the person could move about and use the leg.
|Up to £13,740
|The injury could involve similar injuries as above but which will be less serious and which may be recovered from quicker. May also include cuts, lacerations, bruising and twisting injuries.
|In the region of £148,330
|Where the person has suffered a neck injury. This injury could be associated with an incomplete paraplegia. It could result in the person suffering from permanent spastic quadriparesis.
|£24,990 to £38,490
|Dislocations and fractures which give rise to immediate symptoms. The person could need to have a spinal fusion carried out.
|£27,760 to £38,780
|The moderate (i) bracket includes a wide range of different injuries. Thse could include crush fractures, lumbar fractures and the substantial risk or developing osteoarthritis.
|£12,510 to £27,760
|Back injuries which could give rise to soft tissue injuries, back pain and back injuries.
|£7,890 to £12,510
|The person will recover properly in 2 - 5 years.
If you would like an estimate that is tailored to your claim, please call our advisors. They give no-obligation, free legal advice.
If you claim compensation for a construction accident, you could receive up to two heads of claim. General damages are compensation for the pain, suffering and loss of amenity that your injuries have caused.
Special damages are compensation to repay your expenses associated with your injuries and the accident. For example, you may wish to claim compensation to cover:
- Your travel costs (to and from the hospital, for example)
- Medical bills
- Care costs (even if gracious care was provided by family or friends while you recovered)
- Loss of income if you had to take time off work to recover, for example
And if you lose mobility as a result of your building site injury, you could receive funds to pay for the cost of adapting your home or mobility equipment.
You’d need to prove these financial losses. Consequently, you can do this by providing documents such as receipts, bills or bank statements.
If you’ve been injured in a construction accident, then there are certain time limits you need to abide by to start a claim. Generally, you’ll have 3 years from the date of an injury to begin the process. This is in accordance with the Limitation Act 1980.
There can be variations on this time limit. To give an example, you could use the date of knowledge as the start of your 3-year time limit if you aren’t initially aware that you’ve been injured.
In some instances, the claimant may need to be appointed a litigation friend to claim on their behalf. If so, then the time limit is suspended.
If children are injured in construction accidents, then the time limit begins once they reach adulthood. For those with a reduced mental capacity, the claimant needs to have made a suitable recovery in order for the time limit to begin.
For more information on claim time limits for construction site accidents, get in touch with our advisors today.
We can connect you with a No Win No Fee solicitor to help you with your building site accident claim. A No Win No Fee solicitor will handle your compensation claim without charging you a solicitor’s fee beforehand. Instead, they would charge a success fee on the condition that they win your claim.
This success fee is only taken after the compensation comes through. What’s more, it’s capped by law.
If the claim loses, you don’t have to pay any solicitor fees at all.
Before your solicitor starts working on your claim, you would sign a Conditional Fee Agreement to formalise this. (This is also known as a No Win No Fee agreement.)
Many claimants prefer making a No Win No Fee claim because it’s a more affordable way of funding the services of a solicitor. What’s more, there is less risk financially as the success fee payment is only due if you win your claim.
To learn more about making a No Win No Fee claim, please read our online guide.
Legal Helpline can help you if you have been injured in a construction accident that was not your fault. Please feel free to:
- Call us on 0161 696 9685 to speak to an advisor about your prospects.
- Alternatively, chat to us about your claim using the chat popup on your browser.
- Or you can email us using our online enquiry form.
We hope this guide to construction site injury claims has proven helpful. You can also read these guides to learn more about subjects such as making a No Win No Fee claim.
- How do I know if I’ve broken a bone?: An NHS guide on what to do if you think you have broken a bone.
- An NHS guide to head injuries and concussions
- Help from the HSE on planning construction sites safely
- Claiming compensation for an accident at work
- Accidents at work caused by tiredness and fatigue
- Claim compensation for slipping at work and hurting your back
- How to make an NHS accident at work claim
- How to claim compensation for an accident at work during your probationary period
- Why is it important to report accidents in the workplace?
- I was injured due to no workplace training, can I claim?
- How to claim for a back injury suffered while working for the NHS
- Office-based accident at work claims
- How to make a workplace back injury claim
- Employee rights after an accident at work
- Assault at work compensation claims
- Agency worker accident at work claims
- Tendon injury at work claims
- How to make a claim for an injury caused by defective work equipment
- How to claim for a back injury at work caused by lifting?
- Inadequate protective equipment compensation claims
- Ladder accident at work compensation claims
- Stuck in a lift at work? See if you can claim compensation
- Fatal accident at work claims
- Claiming when injured due to lack of work safety boots
- Manual handling claims
- Slip, trip, fall at workplace compensation claims
- Forklift accident compensation claims
- Warehouse accident claims
- Accident working abroad compensation claims
- Self-employed accident at work claims
- Scaffolding accident compensation claims
- Could I be sacked for an accident at work claim?
- Firefighter injured at work claims
- Employers’ responsibilities after a work accident
- Claim for carbon monoxide poisoning at work
- I did not take time off work after an accident, could I claim?
- Chemical burn at work – can I claim compensation?
- Claiming for a work accident after leaving the company
- Do employers pay for work-related injury claims?
- Do you have to be an employee to make a work accident claim?
- Time limits for work injury claims
- Part-time employee injury claims
- I got hurt at work, do I need a lawyer?
- The personal injury claims process explained
- Temporary worker’s rights to claim compensation
- The Management Of Health And Safety At Work Regulations 1999
- Who to notify if a fatal accident occurs at work?
- How to use an accident at work claim calculator
- Fatal accident at work claims guide
- Contractor injured at work – can you claim?
- How many lone workers are attacked every day?
- Bulging disc workers’ compensation claims
We will now answer some commonly asked questions about construction site injuries.
What is the most common accident in construction?
The most common accidents in construction are slips, trips and falls on the same level. A loose cable or a nail sticking out of the floor can cause a tripping accident.
What are the four main causes of accidents in the construction industry?
The top four causes of accidents in the construction industry are:
- Slips, trips and falls
- Handling, lifting or carrying accidents
- Falls from a height
- A worker is struck by a falling, flying or moving object
Construction companies are responsible for carrying out risk assessments to identify safety hazards on site. After that, companies should make sure that construction sites are safe environments for their workers.
Construction Accident Case Studies
Health and safety legislation holds employers and managers of construction firms responsible for taking practical actions wherever they can to help prevent accidents on their construction sites and help keep their employees safe.
The Health & Safety Executive provides case studies on various construction firms that implemented such measures. Including:
- Heyrod Construction – who implemented daily briefings and weekly safety trainings after noticing more accidents occurring
- Bovis Lend Lease Ltd – who set a zero injury target as organisation policy and introduced robust training to help meet this
- British Nuclear Group Sellafield Ltd/ AMEC Alliance – who introduced a rewards system for employees if safety targets were met
All of these firms reported a reduction in accidents after implementing the above measures.
If you were injured in a construction accident or building site accident because of a lack of safety provisions then please reach out to a member of our team to learn more about accident at work claims and whether you are eligible to claim.
Thank you for reading this guide to claiming compensation for a construction accident.
Written by HC
Edited by RV