Sexual abuse or assault is unfortunately not uncommon in the UK and can happen to anyone regardless of age or gender, men, woman, the elderly, young children, teenagers and sadly even babies can all be victims of sexual abuse. If you have been sexually abused or assaulted, you may be eligible to make a claim for compensation for sexual abuse.
Although filing for compensation for sexual abuse will not be the first thing you think of if you have suffered sexual abuse, it is important to get the compensation you are entitled to. Successfully claiming compensation can help cover any financial costs you may have encountered that have been a direct result of your sexual abuse and so lessen any financial strains you may be experiencing especially if you haven’t been able to work due to the distress and suffering you are going through.
Legal Helpline has an experienced panel of solicitors that can help you to get the compensation you deserve. If you’d like to discuss your case and find out if you are eligible to claim compensation, just call us on 0161 696 9685 and we can arrange a free, confidential consultancy session with one of our specialist personal injury solicitors.
Jump to a Section
- Sexual abuse claims guide
- What is the legal definition of sexual abuse?
- Can I claim compensation for sexual abuse which leads to physical harm?
- Can I claim compensation for sexual abuse leading to psychological injuries?
- What is the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)?
- What do I need to know about the CICA?
- How are sexual abuse claims made through the CICA?
- Sexual abuse claims time limits
- Statistics about sexual abuse in the UK
- Sexual abuse in relationships
- Sexual abuse and harassment in the workplace
- How damages are assessed in a sexual abuse claim
- What can the long term consequences of sexual abuse be?
- What is involved in making a claim for sexual abuse?
- How to start a sexual abuse compensation claim
- What can I claim for as a victim of sexual abuse?
- Sexual abuse compensation calculator
- Sexual abuse no win no fee claims
- Why claim compensation for sexual abuse with Legal Helpline?
- Speak to Legal Helpline now
- Further helpful guides
If you have been the victim of sexual abuse, you may be contemplating claiming for sexual abuse compensation. Regardless of whether it happened when you were a child or during your adult years, if someone has wronged you in this way, claiming compensation should certainly be something you should look into, after all, why should you be left to suffer with the consequences of having to pay medical expenses or counselling costs for example, due to something that someone else did to you, it was not your fault and so you shouldn’t have to deal with any financial worries on top of dealing with the physical and psychological pain you have been left with. Claiming compensation for sexual abuse and assault can unfortunately never take away the pain and suffering you have endured but it can help with the financial burden of the costs of your recovery, especially if you have been unable to work, so that you can focus on healing yourself rather than stressing about money.
This guide has lots of information regarding compensation for sexual abuse claims to hopefully answer most, if not all, of the questions you may have about what you need to do to start your claim, what happens during the claiming process and how much you may be awarded. Have a read through the guide and if you have more questions or would like us to conduct your claim on your behalf, just give us a call.
If somebody makes unwanted sexual advances towards you, then this is called sexual abuse. If they made sexual advances towards you using force, it is sexual assault.
There are two main types of sexual abuse, contact abuse and non-contact abuse:
Contact Abuse – This is where there is physical contact between the victim and their abuser. The following can be classed as contact abuse:
- Being sexually touched on the body even if fully clothed.
- Rape or penetration where a sex organ or other object is inserted into another’s mouth, vagina or anus.
- Forcing another person or child to watch or partake in sexual acts.
- Forcing another person or child to undress.
- Forcing another person or child to touch themselves or someone else in private body areas.
Non-Contact Abuse – This type of abuse is where sexual activities do not include actual touching . Examples are:
- Forcing someone through threat or promise to listen to or watch sexual acts.
- Forcing someone through threat or promise to watch pornography.
Examples of non-contact abuse involving children also include:
- Grooming of children.
- Persuading children to hear or watch sexual acts.
- Encouraging children to perform sexual acts through the internet such as on social media.
- Flashing where unsuspecting victims are exposed to someone’s private body parts.
- Failing to protect children from exposure to other people’s sexual activities.
- Abuse online such as viewing, sharing or copying sexual images of children.
- Exposing pornography to a child.
- Sexual exploitation of children for money or power.
Sexual assault and sexual abuse can happen to anyone, man or woman, boy or girl, at any stage in their life. Although the majority of victims in the UK tend to be women and children, men can also be sexually abused or assaulted. Sexual abuse claims for compensation can equally be made by either gender or for any age. The compensation can be paid for both physical and / or psychological trauma.
Being physically harmed whilst being sexually assaulted is a harrowing experience that no-one should have to go through, and will undoubtedly leave the victim in a distressed and confused state. Claiming compensation for physical harm will vary depending on where you were when the assault took place, you could’ve been at work when the assault happened, or in a public place for example. Making a claim for sexual abuse compensation may help you to logically think through your feelings a little easier if you know there’s a good chance that you’ll receive some compensation for what you have gone through at the end, and may remove some of the stress of financial worries if you have had to take time off of work or have medical bills to pay due to your injury.
If your injury happened whilst at work, your employer or the company you work for could be found liable, this will be explained in greater detail further on in the guide.
When someone has had a traumatic experience or suffered on-going abuse, psychological injuries often last a lot longer than physical injuries, sometimes for a life time. However, unlike physical injuries that can usually be seen, psychological injuries can be harder to prove. If you are looking to claim compensation for psychological injuries, it would be a good idea to speak to a sexual abuse solicitor at Legal Helpline to get the right advice on how to conduct your claim.
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) state that regardless of whether your attacker has been arrested and / or imprisoned, as long as you can prove you were a victim of sexual abuse, you can make a compensation claim. The severity of your injuries will be what determines the amount you may be awarded with the higher amounts being paid to those with severe injuries.
Rape and sexual abuse compensation claims can become very complex and so it is a good idea to gather as much information and evidence surrounding your case as you possibly can to try to make the claiming process run more smoothly. However, we have years of experience in claims for victims of assault and can help you with your personal injury claim to ensure you have a successful outcome. Just give us a call for free help and advice.
The CICA is an organisation funded by the government and was established to provide blameless victims of violent crimes with compensation. The CICA have the responsibility of controlling the administration of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme in England, Wales and Scotland. If you have been the victim of sexual abuse or sexual assault, you may be entitled to compensation through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme if you have suffered physical or psychological injury.
In order to qualify for a possible CICA compensation payout, you need to have reported your abuse to the Police so that they can carry out a thorough investigation of your claim. You need to be able to provide evidence to CICA that the incident of abuse, or on-going abuse, has occurred and then they will consider the probability of the injuries you have suffered as a result.
As part of providing evidence, you will be required to undergo a medical examination. This will enable a detailed report of your injuries and their severity. There does not need to have been a conviction of your abuser for a compensation claim to CICA to be successful.
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority is supposed to be used as a last resort if you have not been able to claim compensation through other means. Before agreeing to take on a claim, they must be satisfied that you have pursued other ways of claiming money for damages or compensation as a result of your injuries and they may request evidence that you have attempted to claim compensation from the assailant if there was a good chance of success, that you have asked your employer about entitlements to damages or insurance payouts if your abuse happened whilst in the workplace, and that you have in fact applied for all benefits that you may be entitled to as a victim of sexual abuse.
CICA will not make a decision about your case until they have seen evidence that you have tried all other possible ways of claiming compensation, and once satisfied that you have contacted them as a last resort, will decide if you are eligible or not to seek compensation through them. The CICA must be informed and kept up to date about any other claims you may be making.
It is advisable to apply to the CICA even if you are in fact seeking compensation for damages from elsewhere as soon as possible. If the assailant has not been caught or convicted, there is still a chance that CICA will accept you to make use of their scheme.
As a general rule, personal injury claims need to be started within three years from the date the injury occurred or was first diagnosed, and for children who have suffered an injury that wasn’t their fault, they have until three years after their 18th birthday. However, with sexual abuse cases, the time limit for making a claim does in fact differ slightly. Sexual abuse claims need to be started within two years, or if a minor, before their 20th birthday. Obviously the sooner the compensation claim is started, the better it is as details surrounding the incident are still fresh in mind.
There are some exceptions however. Due to the sensitive nature of sexual abuse claims, a lot of victims may not come forward about the abuse they have suffered until a long time after it occurred, sometimes as long as 20 years, depending on the nature of the claim and whether there is a chance to provide evidence, historical sexual abuse may be considered.
When looking at statistics, sexual abuse in the UK is unfortunately more common than what we might think. Some of the statistics show that:
- At least one in every twenty children in the UK suffer from sexual abuse at some point according to the NSPCC (National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children).
- There are an estimated 12,000 men and 85,000 women who are raped in England and Wales per year which equates to roughly 11 rapes every hour.
- The Rape Crises Centres across the UK responded to a staggering amount of calls per week reaching nearly 4000 calls per week in 2016/17, the highest recorded number of calls they have ever recorded in one year.
- The percentage of Women between the ages of 18 and 24 years of age who reported being sexually abused as a child reached as high as 31%.
- Since turning 16, one in five women between the ages of 16 and 59 years of age report experiencing sexual violence.
It may come as a shock to know that 90% of sexual abuse victims know their abuser. This is often because the abuse often occurs in a relationship or domestic setting. It doesn’t matter if you are married to or living with your abuser, if you are being sexually abused, it is still wrong and you are just as eligible to make a compensation claim as someone who’s been attacked by someone unknown to them.
As a victim of sexual abuse within a relationship, you may feel especially helpless. Please call us at Legal Helpline and talk to a member of our specialist team and who will endeavour to help you.
All employers have a legal responsibility to provide a safe working environment for their employees and a duty of care to protect their well-being whilst in the workplace in accordance with the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. The main legal responsibilities employers have are to:
- Safeguard the health, safety and welfare of all employees whilst in the workplace.
- To protect the health and safety of people that aren’t employees whilst in the workplace.
If employers fail to adhere to these obligations, then they can be found to be negligent of their duty of care as an employer.
If you have suffered some form of sexual abuse whilst in the workplace, such as inappropriate comments or touching, then you may be eligible to make a claim for compensation for sexual abuse.
To be able to accurately assess the extent of physical and psychological damage caused by sexual abuse, the victim will need to be examined by a medical professional. Having a medical examination will provide proof of the injuries and also how severe they are. For the psychological injuries, often a therapist will assess how severely the victim’s mental health has been affected. So often the psychological impact of being sexually abused lasts a much longer time, and in fact may never go away entirely, than the physical aspect of the abuse. These examinations are not only beneficial for the victim’s health so that they can receive the correct treatment, but they also provide essential evidence to include in a compensation claim for damages.
If you are the victim of sexual abuse but have not yet been examined, as part of our service, we can arrange for you to have a free local medical. Compensation for sexual abuse victims can vary depending on the injuries sustained, so by being assessed officially and getting a proper diagnosis of your injuries and the impact the abuse has had on your well-being, you can make a huge impact on the final settlement amount of compensation. The more severe the injuries, the higher the compensation will be, and so by being able to provide a medical report, you can maximise the amount of compensation you may receive.
More often than not, victims of sexual abuse will carry on suffering long after the actual incidence of the abuse itself largely due to the psychological impact such an occurrence can have. Typical psychological symptoms a victim may suffer with are anxiety and depression as well as difficulty with forming close relationships with others.
In order to combat some of these symptoms, medication and specialised therapy or counselling may be required although this will vary from person to person as everyone is different and will cope in different ways. Although medication and therapy may give some relief of the pain and suffering, for some, the symptoms will never fully go away for as long as they live.
When claiming compensation for sexual abuse, it is imperative that you can prove the extent of your suffering and the fact that you may never fully recover, to make sure that the amount of compensation awarded to you truly reflects the pain and suffering you are experiencing and may continue to experience for some time.
For more information regarding this matter, please speak to a member of our team.
If you have been the victim of sexual abuse or assault, there are a number of things you can do to initially to gather some evidence that will support a claim should you wish to make a sexual abuse compensation claim, such as:
- Photos – If you are able to, take photos of where the incident took place. If you have any visible injuries, take photos of these. Even take photos of the abuser if at all possible.
- Witnesses – If there were any witnesses to the abuse, try to get their contact details so that a witness statement may be obtained. Any witnesses of the time leading up to, or after the incident may also be useful.
- Medical Assistance – As already explained, undergoing a medical examination is essential, not only for your health, but also to support and influence your claim.
- Financial Expenses – Keep receipts and records of any financial costings that you have incurred directly as a result of the sexual abuse you have suffered. These may include medical expenses or travel expenses for example.
By making a start of gathering evidence, it should help the claiming process to run a bit quicker and more smoothly.
After going through such a harrowing experience, it may be a very daunting prospect to start a compensation for sexual abuse claim. However, if you get the right legal advice, although having to talk about what happened will be difficult, making a claim needn’t be as bad as you’d expect.
If you choose to contact us at Legal Helpline, we will offer you a free, no obligation, confidential consultancy session where you can freely discuss the details surrounding your claim and ask as many questions as you need to. We will also delicately ask you some questions so that we can make an informed decision as to whether you have a valid claim and be able to advise you on the best course of action to take.
In most cases, we will offer to conduct your claim for you on your behalf under a no win no fee agreement (more about no win no fee further on in the guide). If you decide to take us up on our offer, you can then leave it to us to carry on gathering all of the necessary evidence and information we need to build you a strong case ready to take to court.
If you haven’t seen a medical professional already, we can arrange one for you.
When making any personal injury claim, there are a number of things that can be taken into consideration that will have an impact on the final settlement amount of your claim, such as:
- General Damages – These cover the physical and psychological damages caused by the sexual abuse and the impact it has had on your well-being and quality of life.
- Medical Expenses – Any medical costs that you have incurred as a result of the abuse you have suffered should be included.
- Travel expenses – Any travel expenses that you have incurred as a result of the abuse you have suffered should be included.
- Care Claim – If you have needed the help of a carer, you can include a care claim also.
- Loss of income – If the sexual abuse has caused you to need time off of work or to leave your job altogether, you can include this loss of income in your claim asa well as any potential loss of future income and benefits.
Make sure to keep hold of any receipts and a record of any costs you have incurred as you will need to be able to prove these.
Due to the sheer nature of this type of claim and the large number of variations, it would be impossible at this stage to predict how much compensation for sexual abuse you may receive. Any reputable personal injury solicitor that specialises in sexual abuse cases will not pretend to know how much compensation you will get as it is just too early to make any such statements.
However, as a guide to what sort of payouts it is possible to receive for sexual abuse claims, we have put together a table showing the average amounts of compensation paid out for certain injuries.
|Reason for compensation||Average compensation amount||Comments|
|Mental Anguish||Up to £4,100||Fear of impending death or sudden loss of life.|
|Severe Psychological Damage||£48,080 - £101,470||The claimants inability to cope well with everday life, relationships are affected and claimant remains vulnerable.|
|Minor Moderately Severe Psychological Damage||£1,350 - £48,080||Similar to the above but less severe and prognosis looking positive.|
|Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder Moderate - Severe||£20,290 - £88,270||Brought on by a traumatic event such as violent sexual assault.|
|Sexual Abuse / Assault||£1,000 - £22,000|
|Vaginal, or Anal Intercourse Without Consent||£11,000 - £44,000|
|Indecent Abuse / Assault||£1,000 - £3,300|
|Unconsented Sexual Advances Resulting in an STD||£5,500 - £22,000|
|Pain and Suffering||£1,000 - £200,000|
We must stress that these are only guidelines to show what level of compensation sexual abuse claims can result in, but they are not necessarily what you might receive as it really will depend on the unique circumstances of your individual claim.
Legal Helpline offer a no win no fee policy. No win no fee simply means that if we were to conduct your sexual abuse claim for you, but we lost the case, you would not be charged a single penny for our time and legal fees, you would pay nothing. However, in the case that we do win, although we would then charge for our legal fees, we would take this as a small percentage of your final settlement amount once it has been awarded.
No win no fee is a way to receive legal help and representation without any risk to your current finances. There are no upfront costs or costs during the claiming process. Our fees purely rely on a successful outcome. Therefore, no matter what financial situation you are in, you can still hire us to conduct your claim for you, increasing the chances of success while giving you time to concentrate on your recovery.
After suffering sexual abuse you will be entitled to claim compensation. Legal Helpline has a fantastic track record of making successful personal injury claims including many sexual abuse claims. Our panel of solicitors are experts in this field and give our clients cases their full attention in order to make sure that the maximum compensation amount is awarded.
We offer a number of benefits with our service from our free, no obligation consultancy session to our no win no fee agreement and offer of arranging a free local medical in support of any claims made. Our service is tailored with our clients in mind, giving excellent customer service.
The solicitors and other members of our team are professional, reliable and friendly and always work to the highest standard and best of their ability to get our clients the compensation they deserve as quickly and as efficiently as possible.
If you’d like to speak to us about filing a compensation for sexual abuse claim and using our services as a claims management company, just call us on 0161 696 9685 and we will gladly offer you expert help and advice.
This link takes you to another of our advice guides that provides information on claiming compensation if you have been assaulted in the workplace.
The governments guide on the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority telling you all you need to know about what it is and about filing a compensation claim through them.
This link leads you to the NHS site regarding rape and sexual abuse and has lots of helpful information if you are a victim of abuse or an assault of this nature.