By Olivia Malt. Last updated 17th March 2021. Welcome to our guide on how to report sexual abuse from years ago. If you landed on this page because you want to know how to report sexual abuse from years ago, you might be reading this guide as a victim of historical sexual abuse, or as someone who is supporting a person who has suffered from historic abuse. This guide covers everything you may need to know about how to report abuse from years ago and how to get help with making a compensation claim for any injuries, psychological or physical suffered because of the abuse.
We know that speaking about historical abuse could be difficult, and some victims of abuse may only want to know how to report sexual abuse from years ago now due to the trauma they suffered some years ago. Included in the sections below is information about getting support with speaking out about abuse, as well as information explaining how to claim compensation, even though the abuse happened years ago.
Here at Legal Helpline, we offer advice and support for free to victims who wish to make a wide variety of personal injury claims. Criminal injury claims for abuse are something we have lots of experience in, so you could trust us to provide you with clear guidance on claiming compensation. If you’d like to begin a claim or would like to benefit from expert advice, you can call us on 0161 696 9685.
Jump To A Section
- A Guide To Reporting Sexual Abuse From Years Ago
- What Is Historical Sexual Abuse?
- Where And How To Report Sexual Abuse From Years Ago
- How To Report Sexual Abuse To The Police
- What Happens When You Report Sexual Abuse To The Police?
- I Previously Reported My Sexual Abuse But Nothing Was Done, Should I Make A New Report?
- Historical Sexual Abuse Compensation Claims Calculator
- What Else Could Victims Of Sexual Abuse From Years Ago Claim?
- No Win No Fee Claims For Sexual Abuse From Years Ago
- Contact Legal Helpline Today
- Victim Support Resources
If you think historic sexual abuse is uncommon, you may be surprised to learn that according to the Crime Survey for England and Wales, around 7.5% of adults between 18-74 were reported to have experienced sexual abuse as a child.
Sadly, many incidences of sexual abuse and assault go unreported, according to a survey conducted back in 2012. According to the report, over 80% of those surveyed didn’t report their experiences of sexual assault and rape. Perhaps even more tragically, 29% of those who completed the survey told no one about what had happened to them. The reasons for this varied, but a large proportion of respondents (68%) cited low conviction rates for their reluctance to report their experiences.
However, it would not necessarily be the case that the abuser would have to be convicted for a victim of historical sexual abuse to make a claim for compensation. If you are ready to report abuse and get the compensation you deserve for your suffering, this guide offers insight into how to report sexual abuse from years ago, along with giving you the information you may need to claim compensation.
Sexual abuse could result from contact and non-contact acts, according to the Sexual Offences Act 2003.
Historical, or non-recent sexual abuse is abuse that happened some time ago. Victims may not realise the effect that the abuse has had on them until later life, which is when they may wish to pursue compensation. At this point, they may wonder how to report sexual abuse from years ago.
The CPS, does allow prosecution for historic crimes relating to sexual abuse, which means if victims recover to a level where they can report their abuse, they could help the police to bring the abuser to justice. They could also claim compensation through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) or could bring a civil claim against an abuser or their employer, even if some years have passed since they were abused. We could connect you with a solicitor to help with both kinds of claims.
Sexual Abuse and Consent
One significant issue that surrounds many sexual offences is consent. Children, according to the law, are not able to consent to sexual activity, so even if you thought you had consented to what was happening to you when you were a child, legally, you would not have been able to legally consent and the abuser would be committing a crime.
Types Of Sexual Abuse
Abuse could involve contact, or it may include non-contact acts. According to the Sexual Offences Act 2003, acts of sexual abuse could include:
- Assault by penetration
- Causing sexual activity without consent
- Abuse of a position of trust
- Sexual assault
- Child sex offences perpetrated by a family member, friends, acquaintances or strangers
- Inducements of those with a mental disorder
- Offences towards those with mental disorders
- Care worker abuse
- Indecent photography featuring children
- Child sexual exploitation
Whatever type of abuse you’ve suffered, if you are wondering how to report sexual abuse from years ago, no matter how many years have passed, you could get the support you need to claim compensation for your injuries.
When it comes to how to report sexual abuse from years ago, you may be looking for support from an organisation that could help you through the process. There are a variety of ways in which you could access such support.
You could contact organisations such as:
Should I Report Historical Abuse?
If you’re thinking about how to report sexual abuse from years ago, we would always encourage a victim of sexual abuse to come forward and report what has happened to them as soon as they feel able. If you would like to claim compensation for your injuries, however, you would have to have reported the abuse.
Do You Have To Report Past Abuse?
You do not legally have to report past abuse and there may be reasons why you feel unable to or feel it would not be useful for you to do so. However, we should reiterate the fact that if you do not report the abuse, you would not be able to claim compensation for your injuries.
Do Therapists Report Past Abuse?
There is no legal requirement in the UK for a therapist to report child sexual abuse or other forms of sexual abuse. However, your therapist may be able to help you come to terms with what has happened to you, which may make it easier for you to find the courage to report what has happened to you. Therefore, if you’re thinking about how to report sexual abuse from years ago, talking to a professional could be a goo step to take first.
If you are wondering how to report sexual abuse from years ago to the police, you may be surprised to know that there are several ways in which you could go about doing so. To report sexual abuse to the police directly, you could call 101, or visit your local police station. You could also report it online.
Now you know how to report sexual abuse from years ago, you might want to know what happens once you have done so.
Usually, when you contact the police to make an initial report, the report would be given to someone who could then contact you to obtain a ‘first account’ This may involve them asking questions about what has happened to you in order that they can understand what abuse you have suffered, and when it happened. Then, you would have to give a further statement. This may be a written statement or could be a videotaped interview.
The Police Investigation
The police will then attempt to find the perpetrator of your abuse. They may speak to them under caution or they may arrest the person and bring them into the police station for an interview. In some historical cases, it may be difficult to gather evidence, but those investigating your case will speak to other agencies and check whether there have been other reports about the person, in order to gather evidence where it exists.
If the police believe there is enough evidence, they will then submit the case to the Crown Prosecution Service to see if they can charge the perpetrator with their crimes.
If the perpetrator is charged, your case will be heard in court. You have the right to anonymity throughout your case, and it is unlawful for anyone in the media to reveal your identity. It is important to remember that whether the perpetrator is convicted or not, you may still be eligible to claim compensation.
What Support Could You Be Provided With?
If you’re interested in how to report sexual abuse from years ago, there are specialist officers to support you throughout this process. Initially, the officer in charge of your case will address any needs you may have, and make referrals to support services that could assist you. You may be referred to your local Independent Sexual Violence Advisor Services (ISVA). There are also other support resources at the bottom of this guide, should you wish to make contact with them yourself.
If you are wondering how to report sexual abuse from years ago when you have previously reported it but nothing has been done, you may want to contact your local police again to ask for the case to be reopened. In some cases, they may be open to re-investigating your case in order that you can be assured that everything possible is being done to bring perpetrators of sexual offences to justice.
Now you know how to report sexual abuse from years ago, you may wish to claim compensation for the harm you’ve suffered because of the abuse. Claiming compensation for your injuries, and the pain and suffering they’ve caused you can be complex, and no two criminal injury claims are exactly the same. This is why, if you search for a criminal injury or personal injury claims calculator online, you would be unlikely to get a figure from one that would be an accurate representation of how much historical sexual abuse compensation you could get.
In addition to the evidence you may already have for your claim, you would be required to see an independent doctor/psychologist, who would look at your medical notes, examine you, and produce an independent report detailing your prognosis and your injuries in detail. This could be used to offer a more accurate value for your claim.
We know many claimants may want to get some idea of how much compensation their claims could bring them before they decide whether to go ahead with a claim, so we have produced 2 tables below using figures from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012 for claims through the CICA, as well as the Judicial College Guidelines for claims against the perpetrator to give you an indication of how much compensation could be appropriate for specific injuries that could relate to a historical sexual abuse claim.
|Injury||Notes||CICA Compensation Level|
|Sexual assaults||Without penetration and over clothing||£1,000|
|Sexual assaults||Without penetration and under clothing||£2,000|
|Oral-Genital/ Penetrative/ sexual assault||Without a penis||£3,300|
|Frequent, repetitive incidents of sexual assault||Lasting up to 3 years||£6,600|
|Frequent, repetitive incidents of sexual assault||Lasting more than three years||£8,200|
|Frequent, repetitive incidents of sexual assault||Leaving the victim with internal injuries||£22,000|
|Frequent, repetitive incidents of sexual assault||Leaving the victim moderately mentally injured||£22,000|
|Frequent, repetitive incidents of sexual assault||Leaving the victim severely mentally injured||£27,000|
|Rape Compensation||1 rapist||£11,000|
|Rape Compensation||Multiple rapists||£13,500|
|Rape Compensation||Leaving the victim with internal injuries||£22,000|
|Rape Compensation||Leaving the victim moderately mentally injured||£22,000|
|Rape Compensation||Leaving the victim severely mentally injured||£27,000|
|Rape Compensation||Leaving the victim moderately mentally injured and with internal injuries||£33,000|
|Type of injury||Remarks||JCG Guidelines amount for civil claims|
|Severe Psychiatric Damage||The victim would have a really poor prognosis. They would still be affected severely in regards to their ability to have a normal social life. There may be marked effects on their ability to cope with work or education.||£51,460 - £108,620|
|Moderately Severe Psychiatric Damage||The victim would have a more positive prognosis than those who are in the bracket above. However, they would still be affected significantly in regards to their ability to have a normal social life. There may be significant effects on their ability to cope with work or education.||£17,900 - £51,460|
|Moderate Psychiatric Damage||The victim would have a more positive prognosis than those who are in the bracket above. However, they would still be affected moderately in regards to their ability to have a normal social life. There may be moderate effects on their ability to cope with work or education.||£5,000 - £17,900|
|Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Severe)||Victims would be permanently affected and would have no way in which to function to the level that they did before they were traumatised. All aspects of their life would be impacted.||£56,180 - £94,470|
If you can’t find your injury above, please get in touch with our advisors. We’d be happy to look into this for you and give you advice on how to report sexual abuse from years ago.
As well as the general damages you could receive for the suffering and pain caused by your injury, you could also claim compensation for the financial harm you’ve suffered due to your injuries. This may differ between CICA claims and civil claims and could include, but may not be limited to:
Wage losses – Having some time off work to recover from your injuries may mean you’ve lost out on income. If so, you may be able to claim for loss of income as part of your claim. For CICA claims, you would usually only be able to claim after 28 weeks off work, at the standard Statutory Sick Pay rate, but for civil claims, you may be able to claim for the full rate of pay you were earning at the time.
Care expenses – If your injuries were so severe that you needed some care at home to help you with dressing or toileting, for example, these costs could also be claimed for. For CICA claims, you would have to evidence that the care expenses couldn’t be covered elsewhere for free, such as through the Local Authority, for example.
Medical and travel expenses for civil claims – Travel costs for hospital appointments or to see your lawyer and medical costs such as prescription fees and may also form part of a civil claim.
Physical aids/home adaptations for CICA claims – The costs you could recover may be more restricted. You must be able to prove that they are reasonable, came about due to your injuries and could not be covered by the NHS, local authority or benefits office.
If you’re interested in how to report sexual abuse from years ago, it’s crucial that you retain any proof of the expenses that you intend on claiming so that you can supply these to your lawyer to be recovered. Failure to do so means you may miss out on the compensation you would have been entitled to.
Claiming compensation could be complicated, so having a personal injury solicitor on your side is something we would highly recommend. From building your case to advising you on whether it would be appropriate to take a settlement offer or fight for more compensation, a lawyer could ensure you get the maximum compensation possible for your claim now you know how to report sexual abuse from years ago.
Getting help from a lawyer about how to report sexual abuse from years ago does not have to mean you’d have to pay them upfront either. If you make a No Win No Fee claim under a Conditional Fee Agreement, you would sign a document promising to pay a small success fee which is usually a percentage of your compensation to the lawyer upon successful completion of your claim, once compensation had been paid out. The fee is legally capped and would be discussed with you prior to you signing the agreement. If the lawyer you chose did not manage to obtain any compensation for you, you would not have to cover their costs or pay the success fee.
We know you might have some further questions about making a claim in this way, and you might want to find a lawyer that could work on your case on this basis too. We could help furnish you with answers to your questions and we could also connect you with a No Win No Fee lawyer too.
How to report sexual abuse from years ago FAQs
What is historical abuse?
Sexual abuse could result from contact and non-contact acts, according to the Sexual Offences Act 2003. Historical or non-recent sexual abuse is abuse that happened some time ago. Victims may not realise the effect that the abuse has had on them until later life, which is when they may wish to pursue compensation.
Do therapists report past abuse?
There is no legal requirement in the UK for a therapist to report child sexual abuse or any other form of sexual abuse. However, your therapist may be able to help you come to terms with what has happened to you, which may make it easier for you to find the courage to report what has happened to you. If you’re thinking about coming forward and learning more about how to report sexual abuse from years ago, talking to a professional first could help.
Getting in contact with us about how to report sexual abuse from years ago is easy, and there are a variety of ways you can do so.
- You can call 0161 696 9685
- Email firstname.lastname@example.org
- Complete our contact form
- Or simply use our live chat service
We look forward to helping you with your claim whenever you’re ready.
- Police – Support for victims of rape or sexual assault – This page from the Metropolitan police explains the type of support that you could be offered.
- Victim Support – Understanding Child Sexual Abuse – Victim support offers insight into what constitutes child sexual abuse.
- NSPCC Support For Abuse Victims – The NSPCC offers support for victims and those that care for victims of sexual abuse.
- General Guidance On Sexual Abuse Claims – Our guide on making sexual abuse claims may be of interest to you.
- Making Historical Abuse Claims – Here, you can find out more about historic abuse claims.
- Were You Sexually Abused By A Family Friend? – If so, this guide could offer some useful assistance.
Thanks for reading our guide on how to report sexual abuse from years ago.
Guide by JS
Published by ML.